Yes!  You can buy any type of real estate, including raw land, with a Self-Directed IRA or 401K.  It is completely legal and has been permissible since 1974 and, despite what you may have heard, you are not subject to any taxes or penalties for doing so.  The first step is to establish a Self-Directed IRA with a company that specializes in alternative asset custodial services instead of a stock market focused brokerage firm.  The entire process of establishing a Self-Directed IRA takes about two weeks by the time you have opened an account and funded it via an IRA transfer or rollover.

Now that you know that investing in raw land with your Self-Directed IRA is an option, let’s review the basics of how it works within various raw land strategies.  

The most practical way to perceive a Self-Directed IRA is as a tax-favored funding vehicle for your retirement goals.  Since retirement accounts are designed for long-term wealth creation, any asset that encompasses a long-term time horizon is a perfect fit.  Think illiquid assets.  Raw land strategies complement a Self-Directed IRA perfectly for this reason.

3 Common Strategies Implemented by Self-Directed IRA Investors Considering Raw Land

Buy and Hold:  Raw land investors are typically expecting a higher appreciation over the course of many years, so a buy and hold strategy could work extremely well.  The Self-Directed IRA will only need to cover minimal property tax expenses and not much else over the course of the investment.  This option can be executed by an investor that has enough cash in their Self-Directed IRA to purchase 100% of the desired parcel or via a partnership by which the IRA investor allocates a portion of their IRA money into the deal for a fractional ownership of the parcel. When the parcel of land is sold, all proceeds must be returned to the Self-Directed IRA account.  No taxes!

Land Flipping:  This strategy is a great fit for Self-Directed IRA account holders that have a lower account balance (less than $75,000) and/or are seeking higher short-term appreciation.  The United States is covered with under-valued, highly desirable land.  Most of these parcels are found slightly beyond city limits where real estate development hasn’t yet reached, but is imminent.  With a relatively low investment, land can be purchased and quickly flipped for lucrative returns.  Best of all, since the investment is being funded by a Self-Directed IRA, no short-term capital gains will be due on the realized profits.  That alone can increase your return on investment by as much as 35%!

Raw Land Development:  This strategy is typically implemented by investors that truly understand how to add value to a piece of raw land by obtaining beneficial land use rights, entitlements, easements, utility improvements and segmenting into various parcels to position the land for additional development.  The execution of this strategy is more complicated and requires investors with specialized expertise and a higher capital commitment.  Consider partnering your Real Estate IRA with others if this type of investment is what interests you.

A Self-Directed IRA’s immense flexibility is what makes it such a powerful wealth building vehicle

Self-Directed IRAs can be utilized to fund land deals in three ways:

100% cash acquisition with your Self-Directed IRA
Partnering your Self-Directed IRA with other investors using common legal structures like a Limited Liability Company (LLC) or a Limited Partnership (LP)
Leveraging your Self-Directed IRA through a non-recourse loan

Please speak with a qualified CPA and/or attorney who SPECIFICALLY SPECIALIZES in investment strategies with such tools as SELF Directed IRAs for more information.